VOLUNTARY FIRE-BRIGADES HEADQUARTERS AND HOUSE FOR MUNICIPAL BAND - TRAMIN (Bolzano)
Municipality of Tramin an der Weinstraße
Architetto Nicola Isetta
Architetto Paola Rebellato
Dr. Ing. Simon Neulichedl (Structural design)
NIA fire brigades headquarters 1090 m²
NIA municipal band 470 m²
NIA underground car park 1010 m²
2017 July – competition first phase
2017 December – competition second phase
The competition area presents various problems, limited size of the lot and accessibility are the most concerning, our proposal has the goal of rationalizing the spaces and making a functional access and routes for the barracks of the firefighters but, at the same time, create a welcoming and inserted in the landscape environment. To reach the goal we believe that the maximum autonomy between the two functions and the elimination of cars from the lot surface are the elements necessary for a better quality of the environments, allowing the view towards the valley and a relationship with the context that enhances the territory in which the building is inserted. In front of the fire brigades vehicles depot is a 15-meter deep space, which allows an easy exit without interference even to vehicles that coming from the northernmost doors.
The difference in altitude and the slope of the ground allow a large basement space without the need for heavy excavation: this space is used for all parking (both those dedicated to the fire brigades and the public band) and technical spaces, in order to completely eliminate the open-air parking lots and avoid having the cars parked in sight. Access for cars is unique and located in front of the existing residential area, where the road is flatter, and the maneuver of access is certainly easier. Finally, to the east of the lot, in front of the vineyard, there are the spaces for the house of the band that are completely independent from firefighters. The volume develops on one floor and has the entrance from a court measuring 10x10 m and opening to the south. All the main spaces of the band face towards the valley, a view that favors serenity and concentration during the rehearsals. The materials and finishes are traditional but made contemporary by the architectural detail in order to integrate the project in the surrounding landscape. The building is treated with a solid and "heavy" base on which rests the upper volume that becomes more and more "light" going upwards, gradually "dematerializing". The basement contains the garage and the band building. The volumes of the band have been finished with traditional “spritz” plaster that gives the solid and homogeneous image desired, while towards the valley and on the court, there are large windows protected by a canopy of 2 m depth to simultaneously ensure natural lighting and protection from direct solar radiation. The external parts of the garage that emerge from the ground level are closed by a precast perforated cement partitions which allows the necessary ventilation for the parking spaces. The space for the firefighter intervention rooms has a lighter and more natural image thanks to the fir wood paneling, which is cut by a ribbon of windows to give light to the interior spaces. The 6 doors for the vehicles are metallic with glass windows and opening towards the outside. The first floor of the fire brigades houses the administrative rooms that need natural light: it is therefore completely glazed completing the volume dematerialization but protected from solar irradiation by vertical sunblinds in fir wood.